Nearly half of all adults suffer from periodontitis to some extent—periodontitis is also referred to as gum disease and occurs when the gums are left exposed to harmful bacteria, tartar and plaque for an extended period of time. This can be caused by poor flossing habits and build-up between the teeth. If left untreated, it can progress and lead to bone and tooth loss.
How is Periodontal Disease or Gum Disease Treated?
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is effectively treated in two ways, which treatment you receive depends on the severity of the gum disease.
- Nonsurgical Treatments
Scaling: It is recognized as the standard treatment, the procedure is highly effective in managing the condition in its early to moderate stages. It may be performed using instruments, a laser or an ultrasonic device.
Root Planing: Root planing smooths the root surfaces, discouraging further buildup of tartar and bacteria, and removes bacterial byproducts that contribute to inflammation and delay healing or reattachment of the gum to the tooth surfaces.
Antibiotics: Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning. However, oral antibiotics may be necessary to completely eliminate infection-causing bacteria.
- Surgical Treatments
Soft Tissue Grafts: When you lose gum tissue, your gumline recedes. You may need to have some of the damaged soft tissue reinforced. This is usually done by removing a small amount of tissue from the roof of your mouth (palate) or using tissue from another donor source and attaching it to the affected site. This can help reduce further gum recession, cover exposed roots and give your teeth a more pleasing appearance.
Bone Grafting: This procedure is performed when dentist has destroyed the bone surrounding your tooth root. The graft may be composed of small fragments of your own bone, or the bone may be synthetic or donated. The bone graft helps prevent tooth loss by holding your tooth in place. It also serves as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone.
Tissue-Stimulating Proteins: Another technique involves applying a special gel to a diseased tooth root. This gel contains the same proteins found in developing tooth enamel and stimulates the growth of healthy bone and tissue.
Sedation dentistry is also available at Dynasty Tower Dental if you have anxiety or fears about dental treatments.
To cover the exposed root surface and reduce your uncomfortable symptoms, we may recommend you the best option that helps to rebuild the gum tissues and stop the roots from becoming further exposed. Contact Dynasty Tower Dental in North York, Yonge and Finch at 416-223-7711 to speak with us today.