Gum Grafting

Types | Benefits | Process | Cost

What is Gum Grafting?

Gum grafting, medically known as gingival graft, or periodontal plastic surgery, is a procedure to treat gum recession, a condition where gum tissue surrounding the teeth wears away or pulls back, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth’s root. This condition can arise due to periodontal disease, aggressive tooth brushing, or aging, causing the gums to shrink and expose the tooth roots, often leading to discomfort and tooth sensitivity. The process involves taking gum tissue from the palate or another donor source to cover the exposed tooth root, helping to reduce tooth sensitivity and protect the tooth from decay and loss.

Gum grafting can also improve the appearance of the gum line and is often recommended for individuals experiencing discomfort, sensitivity, or aesthetic concerns due to gum recession.

gum grafting, periodontal plastic surgery, gum recession, gum tissue

Who Needs Gum Grafting?

Individuals who experience gum recession may require gum grafting. Gum recession can expose tooth roots, leading to sensitivity, decay, and tooth loss. Here are several conditions and scenarios where gum grafting is typically needed:

  1. People with Advanced Gum Disease: Gum disease can lead to gum recession and destruction of the underlying bone. In such cases, gum grafting is necessary to restore gum health.
  2. Those Experiencing Tooth Sensitivity: Exposed roots can cause sensitivity to hot and cold. Gum grafting can cover the exposed roots, reducing discomfort.
  3. Individuals with Aesthetic Concerns: Gum recession can affect the appearance of the smile. Those seeking aesthetic improvement may opt for gum grafting to enhance their gum line.
  4. Cases of Root Exposure: When the roots of the teeth are exposed due to receding gums, gum grafting protects the roots from decay and further recession.
  5. Those with Tooth Mobility: Gum grafting can help stabilize loose teeth by providing the necessary support, especially when gum recession has led to loosening of the teeth.
  6. Preventive Measures: People with thin or fragile gums, who are at a high risk of gum recession, might undergo gum grafting as a preventive measure.

Regular dental check-ups can help identify gum recession in its early stages. The dentist can then suggest appropriate treatment options based on individual conditions and needs.

gum graft, gum grafting, gum graft before and after
Gum Graft (Before and After)


What are the types of gum tissue grafts?

There are primarily three types of gum tissue grafts, each serving a specific purpose and catering to different needs and conditions.

    • Connective-Tissue Grafts

      Usage: This is the most common method used to treat root exposure.
      Process: A flap of skin is cut at the roof of the mouth (palate) and tissue from under the flap, known as subepithelial connective tissue, is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root. After removing the connective tissue, the flap is stitched back down.

    • Free Gingival Grafts

      Usage: This method is used for people with thin gums who need extra tissue to enlarge the gums.
      Process: Similar to the connective tissue graft, tissue is directly removed from the roof of the mouth and then attached to the gum area.

    • Pedicle Grafts

      Usage: This type of graft is suitable for people who have plenty of gum tissue near the exposed tooth.
      Process: Instead of taking tissue from the palate, a flap, called a pedicle, is partially cut away from the gum around the tooth needing treatment. This flap is then pulled over or down to cover the exposed root and sewn into place.

Each of these grafting techniques has its advantages, and the choice of method depends largely on the individual case and the specific needs and conditions of the patient.


What are the benefits of gum grafting?

Gum grafting offers several benefits, primarily aimed at resolving issues associated with gum recession and improving overall oral health. Below are several benefits of gum grafting:

  • Reduces Tooth Sensitivity: By covering exposed roots, gum grafting can significantly reduce discomfort and sensitivity to hot, cold, sweet, and sour foods and beverages.
  • Prevents Further Gum Recession and Bone Loss: The procedure helps in preventing further recession of gums and loss of bone, thereby preserving the structure and integrity of the jawbone and teeth.
  • Enhanced Aesthetics: Gum grafting can improve the appearance of one’s smile by evening out the gum line and covering exposed roots, leading to a more aesthetically pleasing look.
  • Improves Oral Health: Addressing gum recession through gum grafting can halt the progression of periodontal diseases and contribute to better overall oral health.
  • Protects Roots from Decay: The roots of the teeth are protected by the gum grafting procedure, preventing them from decay, which is pivotal for maintaining long-term tooth health.
  • Stabilizes Loose Teeth: For those experiencing tooth mobility due to loss of gum tissue and bone, gum grafting can provide stability to the affected teeth.
  • Prevents Tooth Loss: By combating gum recession, gum grafting plays a crucial role in preventing tooth loss, which can be a consequence of untreated gum recession and periodontal disease.
  • Increases Comfort: The procedure can eliminate the discomfort caused by the exposed root surfaces due to gum recession.


What is the process of the gum grafting?

The gum grafting procedure usually involves taking gum tissue from the palate or another donor source to cover the exposed tooth root. The surgical area is numbed, and the grafting material is stitched into place. Recovery can range from one to three weeks, during which patients should follow specific dietary and oral hygiene instructions to ensure proper healing.


How much does gum grafting cost in Ontario?

In Ontario, the cost of gum grafting can range between $600 to $1200 per tooth, dependent on the specific case and additional procedures if required. It’s essential to consult with our dentist at Dynasty Tower Dental for an accurate cost estimate based on individual needs.


Is a gum graft the same as a bone graft?

No, a gum graft and a bone graft are different procedures. A gum graft addresses gum recession by adding tissue to the affected area, while a bone graft involves adding bone material to areas lacking sufficient bone structure.

Can a bone graft and gum graft be done at the same time?

Yes, a bone graft and a gum graft can potentially be performed at the same time, depending on the patient’s individual circumstances and oral health needs. Conducting both procedures simultaneously can be beneficial for patients experiencing both bone loss and gum recession. However, the feasibility of performing both grafts concurrently depends on the overall health of the patient, the extent of bone and gum loss, and the specific areas being treated. A thorough evaluation by a dental professional or a periodontist is essential to determine the appropriateness of combining these procedures based on individual case assessments.

Is gum grafting painful?

With local anesthesia, patients usually experience minimal discomfort during the procedure. Postoperative pain can be managed with prescribed medications.

How long is the recovery after gum grafting?

Recovery typically ranges from one to three weeks, with patients following specific dietary and oral care instructions.

Can gum grafting prevent tooth loss?

Yes, by addressing gum recession and protecting exposed roots, gum grafting can prevent further damage and tooth loss.

Can gum grafting prevent tooth loss?

Yes, by addressing gum recession and protecting exposed roots, gum grafting can prevent further damage and tooth loss.

Is gum grafting permanent?

Gum grafting can offer long-lasting solutions, but maintaining optimal oral hygiene is crucial for sustained benefits.

Can I brush my teeth after gum grafting?

Dentists usually recommend avoiding brushing the surgical area until it has healed, to avoid disrupting the graft.

Are there alternatives to gum grafting?

Pinhole surgical technique and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) are potential alternatives; consult with your dental professional for personalized advice.

How can I avoid gum grafting?

Regular dental check-ups, maintaining oral hygiene, and using a soft-bristled toothbrush can prevent gum recession and reduce the need for gum grafting.

Is gum grafting covered by insurance?

Coverage varies by provider, so it’s essential to check with your insurance company regarding specific policy details.

How soon can I eat after gum grafting?

It’s recommended to stick to a soft diet for a few weeks post-procedure and avoid eating on the side of the graft.

Can gum grafting improve the appearance of my smile?

Yes, by resolving gum recession, gum grafting can lead to a more balanced and aesthetically pleasing gum line.

Contact Dynasty Tower Dental for Gum Grafting in Toronto and North York

Exceptional Gum Grafting Services in Toronto

If you reside in Toronto and seek exceptional gum grafting services, contact Dynasty Tower Dental. Our proficient team offers optimal dental solutions tailored to your needs.

Call Now